Thursday, June 30, 2022

RG Ingersoll's Hotrax Industry Tips for Motion Picture Associations in the Early Days of Movie Censorship


Motion Picture Association

Alternate titles: MPAA, MPPDA, Motion Picture Association of America

1922 - present
Areas Of Involvement:
film censorship public relations distribution Motion Picture Production Code
Related People:
Chris Dodd Will H. Hays

Motion Picture Association (MPA), formerly (1922–45) Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America and (1945–2019) Motion Picture Association of America, in the United States, organization of the major motion-picture studios that rates movies for suitability to various kinds of audiences, aids the studios in international distribution, advises them on taxation, works to prevent film piracy, and carries on a nationwide public relations program for the industry. The MPA, originally called the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA) and later the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), was established in 1922 by the major Hollywood production studios in response to increasing government censorship of films, which arose in turn from a general public outcry against both indecency on the screen and various scandals involving movie celebrities. The MPPDA, popularly called the Hays Office for its first director, Will H. Hayscodified the complaints of local censoring boards and informed producers of their views. Hollywood in effect opted to censor its own productions rather than allow the government to censor them.

In 1930 the Hays Office adopted the Motion Picture Production Code, a detailed description of what was morally acceptable on the screen. Under the guidance of Jack Valenti—MPAA president (1966–2004) and former adviser to U.S. Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson—the code was liberalized in 1966 after it had become hopelessly outdated and ineffective because of the more relaxed social and sexual mores of the time. In 1968 the MPAA set up a rating board that classified films as G, M, R, and X. After various changes the MPA ratings are now as follows: G, for general audiences; PG, parental guidance suggested; PG-13, parents strongly cautioned, because film contains material inappropriate for children under 13; R, restricted to adults and to children under 17 accompanied by parent or guardian; and NC-17, no children under 17 admitted.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Why Apple’s Platoon Is Offering African Artists Advances — and Healthcare

Brennen Leigh

DJ’s around the world, here’s a new song:
“Let’s Stay Home” Brennen Leigh, NITE*SKY International

Words and music by Brennen Leigh and Tessy Lou Williams, copyright 2019. Guitar and lead singing by Brennen Leigh. Guitar and harmony singing by Noel McKay.

Visit Brennen Leigh at our website:  click the NITE*SKY RECORDS tab.
 Brennen Leigh is an American songwriter, guitar player, mandolin player and singer whose to-the-point storytelling style has elevated her to cult icon status in Europe, Scandinavia, across the United States, South America and the United Kingdom. It's easy to see why she's caught the ear of greats like legendary Lubbock fiddler Tommy Hancock (widely regarded as the godfather of West Texas music), who was quoted as saying of Leigh's work; "It's great to hear music that affects you on an intellectual level as well as makes you want to dance".
Tour dates:
May 8 Fri
Bankgården with A11
Arendal, Norway

May 9 Sat
Villa Veierland with A11
Veierland, Norway

May 14 Thu
Herr Nilsen with A11
Oslo, Norway

Aug 7 Fri
Podunk Bluegrass Festival (McKay & Leigh)
Goshen, CT, United States

Aug 16 Sun
Fulshear Concerts
Fulshear, TX, United States

NITE*SKY Records International

Andrew Dean